Nonproliferation, arms control, disarmament

Since the dawn of the nuclear age at Alamogordo, New Mexico, in 1945, countries have worked to limit the unbridled buildup and spread of dangerous nuclear weapon systems.  Earlier efforts at arms control predate 1945, including the 1928 Geneva Protocol to restrict chemical and biological warfare.

Green Cross has since the mid-1990s worked to strengthen bilateral and multilateral arms control and abolition treaty regimes to enhance global security, promote confidence building measures and transparency, damp down regional tensions and conflicts, and demilitarize the globe.

Our efforts have involved public education and awareness-raising of the importance of these international regimes to security and sustainability; organization of regional, national, and international dialogues and forums; and ratification and implementation initiatives to establish and sustain universal verification and abolition.  

The Environmental Security and Sustainability Program played a key role in the ratification of both the Chemical Weapons Convention by the US Senate and Russian Duma in 1997 and the New START agreement in 2011.

Earlier efforts at arms control predate 1945, including the 1928 Geneva Protocol to restrict chemical and biological warfare.  During the Cold War, many important bilateral and multilateral treaties were successfully negotiated including the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), the 1970 Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), the 1972 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, the 1979 SALT II agreement, the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START) in 1991 and 1993, the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), 2002 Moscow Treaty, and the 2010 New START agreement.

Email Paul Walker for more information.

What we do

Weapons of mass destruction - namely nuclear, chemical and biological - pose great threats to the world and intensive efforts are ongoing to urge countries to reduce and safely dispose of these deadly arms stockpiles.

The United States and Russia, as the world's "biggest possessors" of nuclear weapons, have 20,000 of these arms at their disposals. A fundamental objective of the Green Cross mission is to urge nuclear armed states to make deeper cuts in their stockpiles and, as soon as possible, end their atomic weapons programmes.

Prohibiting the transfer or proliferation by States, companies or individuals of materials, technology and expertise of weapons of mass destruction is vital to safeguard the world, particularly from nuclear terrorism.

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