The ESS Programme stayed engaged with the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC), organizing an annual side event at the Meeting of States Parties (MSP) in Geneva and occasionally meeting with the BWC Implementation Support Unit (ISU). The strengthening of the BWC remains a top priority for the ESS Programme. The treaty has only 173 States Parties today, and new methods are needed to ensure its proper implementation – including more effective and solid legal instruments for enforcement. There have been proposals to revisit the current implementation of the agreement, such as one recently put forward by Russia, as the next Review Conference approaches in 2016. This will be an important time to pay attention to this Convention.