Currently Senior Adviser to the President of COP 20 on Climate Change and Rector Emeritus of the University for Peace of the United Nations, Martin Lees has been Assistant Secretary General for Science and Technology for Development of the UN and Secretary General of the Club of Rome. He was responsible in 1972 for the design and launching of the OECD “InterFutures” Project on the Future of the Advanced Industrial Societies in Harmony with that of the Developing Countries. Over 35 years of cooperation with China he was responsible for the establishment in 1992 of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development, a high-level advisory body to the leadership. As Director General of the International Committee for Economic Reform and Cooperation, between 1990 and 1996 he developed and implemented programmes in the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.