REPACKAGING OF DDT AND SCALING UP DEVELOPMENT OF NON-CHEMICAL ALTERNATIVES
This Project, aimed at identifying and repackaging DDT stocks and wastes, demonstrates the capability and cost-effectiveness of alternatives to DDT for “vector control” in selected demonstration sites. The project develops national capacity for planning and implementation of Integrated [Disease] Vector Management – a series of measures to naturally control the spread of pest species – and coordinates the sharing of experience among the countries and regions involved.
In 2013, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan decided to introduce IVM as a new principle for controlling vector-based diseases, in order to phase out the use of chemicals to control disease vectors. Tajikistan approved a new national IVM programme in November 2014, including a dedicated budget for 2015-2020. In Georgia and Kyrgyzstan, national IVM programmes are forthcoming.
A total of 17.15 tonnes of solid pesticide containing 10 per cent DDT was repacked in December 2013 in Kyrgyzstan. Several meetings were held in late 2013 with ministries, experts and stakeholders to coordinate efforts. This resulted in a plan where, with the combined effort of four partners, all these pesticides could be safeguarded and partially disposed of across the three countries. Through this combined effort, in 2014 the project repacked the last known unprotected site in Georgia (Karelia, in the Kakheti region – 100 tonnes of DDT and contaminated soil in an underground bunker), two DDT stores in Tajikistan (about 50 tonnes), and two sites in Kyrgyzstan (50-150 tonnes).
Another project now underway improves countries’ capacity to eliminate and prevent the release of obsolete pesticides, using that as a model for tackling disused stores of hazardous chemicals across the former Soviet Union.
In 2014, five countries tendered contracts for repacking obsolete pesticides, and nine produced concept notes for improved pesticide use. Awareness raising campaigns on the risks from pesticides were carried out in six countries. A roadmap for waste management in the region has been drafted, and is to be endorsed by all of these countries. The impact of this work should start to materialise in 2015.