The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons have both been in the news this past year. The P5+1 comprehensive agreement with Iran on that country’s nuclear programme (JCPOA) has been a major focus of nuclear non-proliferation over the past several months, and Green Cross and its ESS Programme have been vocal proponents of the diplomatic process throughout. Shortly after the agreement was reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015, GCI issued a special statement welcoming it.

The ESS Programme helped draft and present a joint statement at the NGO Forum of the NPT Review Conference held in May 2015 in New York City. To further spread the message, Paul Walker also joined in the third International Conference on the Humanitarian Consequences of Nuclear Weapons in Vienna, Austria on 8-9 December 2014 and spoke at the ICAN (International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons) conference in Vienna on 7 December. The failure of the NPT Review Conference to agree on a final declaration will have consequences, and it is now more important than ever to push for constructive engagement – with both nuclear weapons states and non-nuclear weapons states – to overcome deep divisions among the parties.